Directive Principle of State Policy
Directive Principle of State Policy provides guidelines to central & state government in India, to
be kept in mind while framing laws & policies & mentioned in part 4 of the constitution.
Aim of DPSPs is to set up social & economic goals before the law makers
• To bring socio-economic change in the country
• To fulfil the basic needs of the common man
• To reshape the structure of Indian society in direction of greater socio-economic equality.
• DPSPs are fundamentals in governance of the country & shall be considered dutifully by
the state while making laws, but DPSPs are not enforceable in court of law
• If state fails to fulfil these obligations, one cannot go to court of law
• DPSPs only provides a yardstick for measuring success or failure of the government
Articles 36 to 51 deals with the provisions of the Directive Principles & are broadly classified into 3 types.
• Socialist principles
• Gandhian principles
• Liberal intellectual principles
• A-38 -To secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.
• To strive to minimise inequalities of income i.e. operation of the economic system does
not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common
• ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as
best to subserve the common good;
• A-39A – Equal justice and free legal aid.
• Equal pay for equal work.
• Health & strength of workers, and the tender age of children must not be abused.
• Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
• Provision of just and humane conditions for work and maternity relief.
• A-43A- Participation of workers in the management of the industries.
• Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve
• Children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in
conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against
exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.
The Western Liberal Principles
• A-44- Uniform Civil Code for the citizens.
• A-45 – Provide free and compulsory education for children below 14 years.
• A-50- Separation of Judiciary from Executive.
• To promote international peace and amity.
• Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance
• Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life.
The Gandhian Principles
• Organization of Village Panchayats & to promote cottage industry.
• Promotion of educational and economic interests of the SCs, the STs and the other
weaker sections of the society.
• To bring about the prohibition of intoxicating drinks and drugs that is injurious to health.
• Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines to
prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and draught animals.
97th Amendment: Promotion of cooperative societies
Directives in other parts of the Constitution (Except part IV)
Article 350 A: It enjoins every State and every local authority within the State to provide
adequate facilities for the instructions in the mother tongue at the primary stage to children of
linguistic minority areas.
Article 351: It enjoins the Union to promote the spread of Hindi Language so that it may serve as
a medium of expression of all the elements of the composite culture of India.
Article 335: It says that the claims of SC/ST shall be taken into consideration, consistently with
the maintenance of efficiency of administration, in the making of appointments to services and
posts in connection with affairs of the Union or of a State.
|DPSPs spell out the character of social & economic democracy in India||FRs provide the foundation of political democracy in India|
|DPSPs are positive / moral obligations of state towards the citizens||Lays down negative obligation / restriction on the state i.e. FRs are prohibitive in nature|
|DPSPs are laid in general terms and are sort of moral obligations||FRs have been laid down in clear legal language in constitution|
|DPSPs represents a dynamic move towards the betterment of the citizens||FRs represent something static i.e. to preserve certain rights which already exist|
|DPSPs are non-justifiable in nature & cannot be enforced in court of law||FRs are justifiable in nature & can be enforced in court of law|